How to develop thinking, basic types of thinking and their features
Thinking is an integral part of human activity, an instrument of cognition and analysis of reality. Without it, there would be no modern humanity and our entire civilization, because active and conscious thinking is the main thing that distinguishes a person from other animals.
Thinking has a huge number of definitions. Here is one of them:

Thinking is the process of obtaining data from the external world through the senses, as well as their subsequent processing and use; this is the establishment of interrelations between surrounding objects and the determination of their influence on man. The main task of thinking is to solve a wide range of problems and tasks that face a person.

First of all, thinking is the main tool for human survival. We do not have teeth, claws and warm fur, but in the preservation of the species went far ahead, since thinking gives much more opportunities to overcome life's challenges than the physical strength and endurance of a wild beast.
Thinking is a feature of the human psyche that we received in the process of evolution. But the catch is that evolutionary in us lies only the ability to think, which we must consciously realize. Developed thinking gives a person the opportunity not only to survive but also to live in comfort: to have more money and power, to establish relations with others, to get everything necessary from life.

The development of thinking is a volitional act that we can or do not implement. It is desirable to train thinking from childhood. In families where parents have a low level of intelligence, a stark worldview and a lack of creative thinking, often the same children grow up. If, however, the child at an early age is transferred to education in a family where it is customary to engage in self-education and actively use his mental abilities - most likely, he will show good results in studies and will be more successful in life. There are also many cases where a clever person stopped doing work that required constant mental effort, and after a few years degraded. Even if your parents did not develop your thinking from early childhood, you can start (or continue) at any age. Let's talk about how to develop thinking.

The level of development of thinking is connected with speech. A highly developed person always has a large vocabulary and a competent construction of sentences; a primitive and not used to thinking an individual manages a minimal set of words and phrases, often difficult to express thoughts. It is noted that with the enhanced development of speech, the improvement of mental processes immediately appears, and on the contrary - clever people are good orators. Read and train your oratorical skills - this is the first universal council for the development of thinking.
There is a whole complex of special practices and exercises for thinking, but the main thing that needs to be done is to constantly load the brain. As muscles atrophy without constant work, the acuteness of the mind, which does not strain any tasks, weakens.

That's why you need to read a lot and write a lot to develop the thinking. You can make a habit to read at least 15 minutes a day and write a short essay on the book you have read (how to do it effectively - read on the blog of It will give a great result for your memory, creative thinking and imagination.

Basic types of thinking
We will analyze the main types of thinking, how they are characterized and how to develop each of them.
  • Abstract thinking
  • Imaginative thinking
  • Creative thinking
  • Logical thinking
Many types of thinking are interrelated, so it makes sense to develop them all. And yet, depending on the sphere of human activity, 1-2 types of thinking will always be in priority. For example, an abstractionist artist will have a well-developed abstract and figurative thinking, a mathematician or a physicist has a logical thinking, a person of any creative profession has creative and imaginative thinking.

Abstract thinking
Abstract thinking allows us to see the totality of objects, phenomena, and properties as one whole object. This is necessary so that we can see the whole picture without being distracted by small details, and through this vision find non-standard ways of solving problems, constantly expanding the scope of knowledge.

It is interesting that animals in primitive forms have the beginnings of thinking: they are able to understand the cause-effect relationships, are capable of learning and the simplest logical operations. But the only man has abstract thinking.

Creative thinking
Creative thinking is aimed at creating a new useful result from known prerequisites. Using the available data, we can construct from them intellectual, cultural and material objects that did not exist before.

As you can see, the emphasis is placed on the use of already known data, and this point is not negotiated in vain. A person can create a new product, only relying on the acquired experience and knowledge. Therefore, most often we are guided by examples from the surrounding nature: form, color, and sound are drawn from what we see and hear.

Imaginative thinking
Visual or Imaginative thinking is characterized by the creation of holistic images based on the information received. Most often these are visual images. For example, you read a book and clearly see before the eyes of the hero. Or, hearing a familiar smell, immediately imagine the picture associated with it - a person's face, place, event.

Visual thinking is one of the important tools for the formation of speech skills since for each word a certain image is fixed. It helps us to recognize familiar objects, it is necessary for the process of learning, remembering information and constructing a conceptual base.

Logical thinking
Logical thinking is probably one of the most important types of thinking. Possessing an undeveloped creative or abstract thinking, a person is doomed to a meager emotional and intellectual life. But the underdevelopment of logical thinking can threaten the mental health and even our very existence. This is not about "absence", but about "underdevelopment", since there is not a single person who does not have this or that kind of thinking.

Logical thinking is a process aimed at obtaining sound reasoning with the use of logical rules, formulas, constructions, and algorithms. Logic is a science like mathematics - it is also based on a clear evidence base and axioms.

Logical thinking helps in the first place to formulate the tactics and strategy of one's life, to understand the consequences of one's actions, not to make foolish mistakes.

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